The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2906-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola.
In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760).
The mean knowledge score (range 0–15) of HCW (m = 13.3;SD = 1.4) was significantly higher than the general public (m = 10.8;SD = 2.0). No significant difference was found in perceived severity and susceptibility. Perceived fear of the general public (m = 2.5; SD = 0.8) was significantly higher than among HCW (m = 2.4; SD = 0.7). Respondents primarily used television to obtain information.
While Ebola was perceived severe, it did not lead to excessive fear or perceived susceptibility for developing the disease. Nonetheless, our research showed that knowledge with respect to human-to-human transmission is low, while this is crucial to complying with preventive measures. Our study reveals priorities for improving risk communication.
Additional file 1: Table S1. Knowledge about Ebola among Dutch general public and healthcare workers. Table S2. Mean scores and Cronbach’s alpha of items in three constructs (perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, and perceived fear). Table S3. Populations’ estimation of severity of various diseases. Table S4. Populations’ estimation of susceptibility to various (infectious) diseases. Table S5. Respondents’ information intake per source (n = 1286). (DOCX 26 kb)12879_2017_2906_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Heymann DL. Control of Commmunicable diseases manual. 20th ed: Apha Press; 2014.
Ebola virus disease - Fact sheet N°103. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/. Accessed November 2015.
RIVM guideline: Viral Hemorrhagic Fever [In Dutch]. https://lci.rivm.nl/richtlijnen/virale-hemorragische-koorts-filovirussen. Accessed November 2015.
Ebola Situation Report - 23 December 2015. http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-23-december-2015. Accessed December 2015.
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa. 12th update. Stockholm: ECDC. 2015:2015.
World Health Organization. One year into the Ebola epidemic, January 2015. Geneva: WHO; 2015.
Goeijenbier M, van Kampen JJ, Reusken CB, Koopmans MP, van Gorp EC. Ebola virus disease: a review on epidemiology, symptoms, treatment and pathogenesis. Neth J Med. 2014;72:442–8. PubMed
van Dissel JT, Wychgel H, Timen A. Ebola - hoe is Nederland voorbereid?[In Dutch]. Magazine nationale veiligheid en crisisbeheersing. 2014;5:29–31.
Timen A, Sprenger M, Edelstein M, Martin-Moreno J, McKee M. The Ebola crisis: perspectives from European public health. Eur J Pub Health. 2015;25:187–8. CrossRef
de Jong MD, Reusken C, Horby P, Koopmans M, Bonten M, Chiche J, Giaquinto C, Welte T, Leus F, Schotsman J, et al. Preparedness for admission of patients with suspected Ebola virus disease in European hospitals: a survey, august-September 2014. Euro Surveillance. 2014;19:1–9.
de Zwart O. Exploring risk perceptions of emerging infectious diseases. PhD Thesis. Erasmus MC; 2008.
van Velsen L, Beaujean DJ, van Gemert-Pijnen JE, van Steenbergen JE, Timen A. Public knowledge and preventive behavior during a large-scale Salmonella outbreak: results from an online survey in the Netherlands. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:100. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-100. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
van der Weerd W, Timmermans DR, Beaujean DJ, Oudhoff J, van Steenbergen JE. Monitoring the level of government trust, risk perception and intention of the general public to adopt protective measures during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in The Netherlands. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:575. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-575. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Brug J, Aro AR, Oenema A, de Zwart O, Richardus JH, Bishop GD. SARS risk perception, knowledge, precautions, and information sources, the Netherlands. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004:1486–9. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1008.040283.
Beaujean DJ, Bults M, van Steenbergen JE, Voeten HA. Study on public perceptions and protective behaviors regarding Lyme disease among the general public in the Netherlands: implications for prevention programs. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:225. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-225. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
RIVM. General procedure regarding trials that are subject to the WMO. CIb-PRO-1003 (ID 013683); 2014. http://www.ccmo.nl/en/your-research-does-it-fall-under-the-wmo.
WMO. Wet Medisch-wetenschappelijk Onderzoek met mensen [In Dutch]. 2017. http://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0009408/2017-03-01.
Conner M, Norman P. Predicting health behaviour. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press; 2005.
McCullagh P. Regression models for ordinal data. J R Stat Soc Ser B Methodol. 1980;42:109–42.
Alqahtani AS, Wiley KE, Willaby HW, BinDhim NF, Tashani M, Heywood AE, Booy R, Rashid H. Australian hajj pilgrims' knowledge, attitude and perception about Ebola, Novermber 2014 to February 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20:12. CrossRef
Rubsamen N, Castell S, Horn J, Karch A, Ott JJ, Raupach-Rosin H, Zoch B, Krause G, Mikolajczyk RT. Ebola risk perception in Germany, 2014. Emerg Inf Dis. 2015;21:1012–8. CrossRef
Alfaki MM, Salih AM, Elhuda DA, Egail MS. Knowledge, attitude and practice of health care providers toward Ebola virus disease in hotspots in Khartoum and White Nile states, Sudan, 2014. Am J Infect Control. 2015; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.07.035.
Spencer C. Having and fighting Ebola-public health lessons from a clinician turned patient. New Engl J Med. 2015; https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1501355.
RIVM. Generic preparedness handbook. 2014. https://lci.rivm.nl/sites/default/files/dsresource%3Fobjectid%3D1241c095-5d8f-446c-a314-b4870db2d87d.pdf.
Hawkins RP, Kreuter M, Resnicow K, Fishbein M, Dijkstra A. Understanding tailoring in communicating about health. Health Educ Res. 2008; https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyn004.
Kelly B, Squiers L, Bann C, Stine A, Hansen H, Lynch M. Perceptions and plans for prevention of Ebola: results from a national survey. BMC Public Health. 2015; https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2441-7.
van Velsen L, van Gemert-Pijnen JE, Beaujean DJ, Wentzel J, van Steenbergen JE. Should health organizations use web 2.0 media in times of an infectious disease crisis? An in-depth qualitative study of citizens' information behavior during an EHEC outbreak. J Med Internet Res. 2012; https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.2123.
Kristiansen IS, Halvorsen PA, Gyrd-Hansen D. Influenza pandemic: perception of risk and individual precautions in a general population. Cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2007; https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-48.
Quinn SC, Parmer J, Freimuth VS, Hilyard KM, Musa D, Kim KH. Exploring communication, trust in government, and vaccination intention later in the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: results of a national survey. Biosecur Bioterror. 2013; https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2012.0048.
- Knowledge, perceptions and media use of the Dutch general public and healthcare workers regarding Ebola, 2014
Lianne G. C. Schol
Corien M. Swaan
Desirée J. M. A. Beaujean
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin
Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Inneren Medizin
Mail Icon II