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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Infectious Diseases 1/2018

Knowledge, perceptions and media use of the Dutch general public and healthcare workers regarding Ebola, 2014

Zeitschrift:
BMC Infectious Diseases > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Lianne G. C. Schol, Madelief Mollers, Corien M. Swaan, Desirée J. M. A. Beaujean, Albert Wong, Aura Timen
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12879-017-2906-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola.

Methods

In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760).

Results

The mean knowledge score (range 0–15) of HCW (m = 13.3;SD = 1.4) was significantly higher than the general public (m = 10.8;SD = 2.0). No significant difference was found in perceived severity and susceptibility. Perceived fear of the general public (m = 2.5; SD = 0.8) was significantly higher than among HCW (m = 2.4; SD = 0.7). Respondents primarily used television to obtain information.

Conclusions

While Ebola was perceived severe, it did not lead to excessive fear or perceived susceptibility for developing the disease. Nonetheless, our research showed that knowledge with respect to human-to-human transmission is low, while this is crucial to complying with preventive measures. Our study reveals priorities for improving risk communication.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Table S1. Knowledge about Ebola among Dutch general public and healthcare workers. Table S2. Mean scores and Cronbach’s alpha of items in three constructs (perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, and perceived fear). Table S3. Populations’ estimation of severity of various diseases. Table S4. Populations’ estimation of susceptibility to various (infectious) diseases. Table S5. Respondents’ information intake per source (n = 1286). (DOCX 26 kb)
12879_2017_2906_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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