The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1757-2215-7-59) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
AC wrote the manuscript and participated in the design of the study. GB helped to draft the manuscript and performed the literature review. SU discussed results, interpretation, and presentation. JC collected and analyzed the data. MS co-worked on associated data collection and their interpretation. FG conceived the study, participated in its design and revised it critically. All authors have contributed to, seen and approved the manuscript.
There is as yet limited evidence about fertility-sparing surgery for early ovarian cancer (EOC) carried out laparoscopically. We sought to analyze recurrence patterns and fertility outcome in a cohort of ovarian cancer patients who underwent fertility-saving laparoscopic surgical staging.
We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on all patients undergoing fertility-sparing laparoscopic staging procedures for presumed EOC at a single gynecologic oncology service. Oncologic safety and reproductive outcome were the main outcome measures. The pertinent literature is reviewed.
The study cohort consisted of 12 women. Cases included 5 invasive epithelial tumors and 7 nonepithelial tumors. The disease was reclassified to a higher stage in one woman. After a median follow up period of 38 months (range: 14–108), the overall survival was 100% and recurrence-free survival 90.9%. Five (100%) of patients who attempted pregnancy conceived spontaneously. Three of them had uneventful term pregnancy delivering healthy babies. The literature search yielded 62 cases of laparoscopic fertility conserving surgery for ovarian cancer. There were 4 (6.2%) recurrences. Cumulative pregnancy and live birth rate were not estimable as earlier publications lack essential data.
Laparoscopic staging may represent a viable option for premenopausal women seeking fertility preservation in the setting of early ovarian cancer. More research is needed to determine whether laparoscopy may offer reproductive benefits to this particular population.
Authors’ original file for figure 113048_2014_269_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
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- Laparoscopic fertility-sparing surgery for early stage ovarian cancer: a single-centre case series and systematic literature review
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