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15.07.2016 | Ausgabe 3/2017

Surgical Endoscopy 3/2017

Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair is safe in elderly patients

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
David M. Parker, Amrit A. Rambhajan, Ryan D. Horsley, Kathleen Johanson, Jon D. Gabrielsen, Anthony T. Petrick

Abstract

Background

Paraesophageal hernias (PEHs) occur frequently in the elderly. Patients may not be referred for repair due to age or concern for high operative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of PEH repair based on age.

Methods

Adult patients undergoing PEH repair between 2003 and 2012 at a tertiary referral center were included. Patients were divided by age (Y < 69, YO 70–79 and VO > 80). Body mass index (BMI), Charlson comorbidity index, operative time, estimated blood loss, length of stay, recurrence, Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia Questionnaire (QOLRAD) scores, morbidity and mortality were analyzed.

Results

Two hundred and sixty-seven patients were included: Group Y N = 140 (median age 58.5); Group YO N = 82 (median age 75.0); and Group VO N = 45 (median age 83.0). Group Y had a significantly lower age-adjusted Charlson score compared to the older groups. Group VO had significantly lower BMIs compared to Groups Y and YO. Both groups had similar operative times, intraoperative blood loss and rates of Collis gastroplasty. Group Y had significantly less acute presentations compared to the elderly groups YO 12.2 %, p = 0.028, and VO 22.2 %, p = <0.001. Group Y had a smaller percentage of intrathoracic stomach (55.7 %) as compared to Groups YO (65.1 %; p = 0.001) and VO (74.3 %; p = < 0.001). There were no significant differences in mortalities between all three groups. The mean length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in Group Y (2.45) than in both Group YO (3.12; p = 0.001) and Group VO (5.13; p = <0.001). Major morbidity was significantly lower in the younger group 3.6 % when compared to Group VO (17.8 %; p = 0.001). All groups demonstrated significant improvement in QOLRAD scores.

Conclusion

The decision to perform laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) in elderly patients remains challenging. LPEHR can be done safely and effectively in elderly patients at experienced centers.

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