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23.08.2017 | Knee | Ausgabe 6/2018

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 6/2018

Lateral parapatellar and subvastus approaches are superior to the medial parapatellar approach in terms of soft tissue perfusion

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Aykut Koçak, Ahmet Özmeriç, Gökhan Koca, Mehmet Senes, Nihat Yumuşak, Serkan Iltar, Meliha Korkmaz, Kadir Bahadır Alemdaroğlu

Abstract

Purpose

The arthrotomy techniques of knee surgery may cause varying degrees of disruption to the tissue blood supply. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the medial parapatellar (MPPa), midvastus (MVa), subvastus (SVa) and lateral parapatellar (LPPa) approaches on regional tissue perfusion of the knee.

Methods

In this experimental study, a total of 28 female rabbits were applied with four different arthrotomy techniques as Group MPPa, Group MVa, Group SVa and Group LPPa. The blood supply of the tissue around the knee was examined by scintigraphic imaging including the perfusion reserve and T max, and biochemical alteration of the oxidative stress parameters including malondialdehyde (MDA), fluorescent oxidation products (FlOPs), and histopathological findings were evaluated on tissue samples after 3 weeks.

Results

The perfusion reserve was increased in all four groups compared to the healthy, contralateral knees. In the Group LPPa, the vascularity was significantly increased compared to the Group MPPa (p = 0.006). In the examination of biochemical parameters, the increase in MDA levels was statistically significant in the Group MPPa compared with the Group LPPa (p = 0.004), and in the Group MVa compared with the Group LPPa (p = 0.006). The increase in the value of MDA levels was striking in the Group MPPa and Group MVa compared with the control group (p = 0.004, p = 0.004, respectively). The increase in another oxidative stress parameter, the tissue FlOPs levels, was statistically significant in the Group MPPa compared with the control group (p = 0.035).

Conclusion

The LPPa and SVa caused less oxidative stress and less disruption of the muscle blood supply, in biochemical and scintigraphic parameters, compared to the MPPa and MVa. Therefore, in clinical practice, the SVa is preferable to the MPPa and MVa in total knee arthroplasty and the LPPa should be preferred more frequently in selected cases with critical soft tissue viability.

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