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02.02.2017 | Original Investigation | Ausgabe 2/2017

Journal of Echocardiography 2/2017

Left atrial strain assessed by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography predicts atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Echocardiography > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Atsushi Mochizuki, Satoshi Yuda, Takefumi Fujito, Mina Kawamukai, Atsuko Muranaka, Daigo Nagahara, Shinya Shimoshige, Akiyoshi Hashimoto, Tetsuji Miura

Abstract

Background

Several studies have shown the utility of left atrial (LA) function determined by two-dimensional or three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D- or 3D-STE) for identifying patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). However, whether 3D-STE is applicable for prediction of the recurrence of AF after catheter ablation (CA) remains unknown. We examined whether any 3D-STE parameters are better than 2D-STE parameters for the prediction of AF recurrence.

Methods

Forty-two patients with paroxysmal AF (58 ± 10 years old, 69% male) underwent 2D- and 3D-STE within 3 days before first-time CA. The global peak LA longitudinal, circumferential, and area strains during systole (3D-GLSs, -GCSs, and -GASs, respectively) and those just before atrial contraction (3D-GLSa, -GCSa, and -GASa, respectively) were determined by 3D-STE and standard deviations of times to peaks of regional LA strains were calculated as indices of LA dyssynchrony. In 2D-STE, global LA longitudinal strains during systole and just before atrial contraction (2D-GLSs and -GLSa) were determined.

Results

During follow-up of 441 ± 221 days, 12 patients (29%) had AF recurrence. In the univariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.08, p = 0.04], 3D-GCSs (HR: 0.91, p = 0.03), and 3D-GASs (HR: 0.95, p = 0.01) were predictors of AF recurrence, though associations of recurrence with 2D-STE parameters, indices of LA synchrony, and LA volume were not significant. Multivariable analysis showed that 3D-GASs was an independent predictor of AF recurrence (HR: 0.96, p = 0.048).

Conclusions

LA strain determined by 3D-STE is a novel and better predictor of AF recurrence after CA than that determined by 2D-STE or other known predictors.

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