01.02.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2020
Left Ventricular Stiffness in Adolescents and Young Adults After Arterial Switch Operation for Complete Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Chuan Wang, Vivian Wing-yi Li, Edwina Kam-fung So, Yiu-fai Cheung
We tested the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) myocardial stiffness is altered in patients with transposition of great arteries (TGA) after arterial switch operation (ASO) and explored its associations with myocardial calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) and LV myocardial deformation. Thirty-one patients and twenty-two age-matched controls were studied. LV myocardial stiffness was assessed by diastolic wall strain (DWS) and stiffness indices including (E/e)/LV end-diastolic dimension, (E/LV global longitudinal early diastolic strain rate)/LV end-diastolic volume, and (E/LV global circumferential early diastolic strain rate)/LV end-diastolic volume, where E and e are early diastolic transmitral and mitral annular velocities, respectively. LV myocardial cIB and longitudinal and circumferential myocardial deformation were determined by conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography. Patients had significantly lower DWS, higher stiffness indices, and greater myocardial cIB than controls (all p < 0.05). The LV longitudinal and circumferential systolic strain and systolic and diastolic strain rates were significantly lower in patients than controls (all p < 0.05). Greater average myocardial cIB was associated with lower DWS (r = − 0.44, p = 0.002). Worse DWS and LV stiffness indices were found to correlate with lower mitral annular systolic velocity, mitral annular late diastolic velocity, and LV longitudinal late diastolic strain rate (all p < 0.05). LV longitudinal and circumferential systolic strain and strain rate were also found to correlate with DWS (all p < 0.05). In conclusion, LV myocardial stiffening occurs in adolescents and young adults with TGA after ASO and is associated with impairment of ventricular systolic and diastolic myocardial deformation and myocardial fibrosis.