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01.12.2014 | Clinical Study | Ausgabe 3/2014

Journal of Neuro-Oncology 3/2014

Leptomeningeal dissemination in glioblastoma; an inspection of risk factors, treatment, and outcomes at a single institution

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Neuro-Oncology > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
Jacob J. Mandel, Shlomit Yust-Katz, David Cachia, Jimin Wu, Diane Liu, John F. de Groot, Alfred W.K. Yung, Mark R. Gilbert
Wichtige Hinweise
Jacob J. Mandel and Shlomit Yust-Katz have contributed equally to the manuscript.

Abstract

There are few studies reporting the incidence of leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD) in patients with glioblastoma; only small case series have been published. Consequently, there are no established standards of care for these patients. Therefore, we undertook this retrospective review to evaluate a large series of patients with glioblastoma treated at MD Anderson Cancer Center to estimate the incidence of LMD and assess the impact of a variety of treatment modalities. Analysis was performed on 595 patients with glioblastoma treated on clinical trials from 2006 to 2012. The diagnosis of LMD was made by imaging or positive cerebrospinal fluid cytology in 24 patients. An additional 12 patients with known LMD diagnosed during this same period were included to evaluate the impact of treatment on outcome for a total of 36 patients. LMD developed in 4.0 % (24/595 patients) of the clinical trial cohort. Median survival from glioblastoma diagnosis was 16.0 months. Estimated median time of glioblastoma diagnosis to LMD was 11.9 months. Median overall survival from the time of LMD diagnosis was 3.5 months. Patients treated for LMD with chemotherapy/targeted therapy and radiation had a significantly prolonged survival (7.7 months) compared to chemotherapy/targeted therapy alone, radiation alone or palliative care. LMD remains an uncommon event in patients with glioblastoma. Patients treated aggressively with chemotherapy/targeted therapy and radiation had the longest median survival following diagnosis of LMD. However, patients receiving chemotherapy/targeted therapy and radiation were younger and this may have influenced survival. Given the overall poor outcomes, improved therapeutic approaches are needed for glioblastoma patients with LMD.

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