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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Surgery 1/2015

Long-term efficacy of subtotal splenectomy due to portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients

BMC Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2015
Haibo Chu, Wei Han, Lei Wang, Yongbo Xu, Fengguo Jian, Weihua Zhang, Tao Wang, Jianhua Zhao
Wichtige Hinweise
Haibo Chu and Wei Han contributed equally to this work.

Competing interests

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Authors’ contributions

Drs WZ, TW participated in the clinical specimen and data collection. Drs LW, YX, FJ performed data analysis and drafted the manuscript. Drs HC, WH and JZ conceived the study, writing and final approval of the version to be published. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



Portal hypertension (PHT) requires invasive measures to prevent rupture and bleeding of esophagogastric varices; however, the long-term results of subtotal splenectomy plus fixation of the retrosternal omentum majus (SSFROM) have not been reported. Specifically, the advantages and disadvantages of surgery that preserves the spleen and the long-term hematologic effects have not been described.

Study design

Our studies relating to SSFROM commenced in February 1999. As of April 2014 we have performed 256 subtotal splenectomies The records of 65 patients with PHT who underwent SSFROM were reviewed retrospectively.


Four patients died within 4 years of surgery, with a 4-year survival rate of 94 %; the 11-year survival rate was 60 %. Eleven patients (17 %) had re-bleeding from esophagogastric varices. The white blood cell and platelet counts were higher 6 and 11 years post-operatively compared with pre-operative values (P < 0.01). Portal venous diameter, portal venous flow volume, splenic artery flow volume, as well as splenic length, thickness, and average cross-sectional areas were shown to be significantly constricted or decreased (P < 0.01). The proportion of serum CD3+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells was increased (P < 0.01), while the serum levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). There was no significant change in the serum levels of IgA, IgM, IgG, and Tuftsin (P > 0.05). DSA demonstrated that 15 cases formed collateral circulations between the portal vein and superior vena cava.


SSFROM provide long-term hemostasis for esophagogastric variceal bleeding in PHT and corrected hypersplenism. SSFROM is an effective treatment for patients with PHT in whom long-term survival is expected.
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