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01.03.2018 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 8/2018

Obesity Surgery 8/2018

Long-term Metabolic Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 8/2018
Autoren:
Danila Capoccia, Federica Coccia, Gloria Guarisco, Moira Testa, Roberta Rendina, Francesca Abbatini, Gianfranco Silecchia, Frida Leonetti
Wichtige Hinweise
Gianfranco Silecchia and Frida Leonetti co-authors shared the position of “last co-author”

Abstract

Objective

Obesity is one of the major health challenges throughout the world. The association between obesity and diabetes is well established because 90% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show excess body weight. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the long-term follow-up.

Methods

One hundred ninety-five obese patients, 78 with T2DM, were evaluated before and after LSG up to 10 years, to identify complete diabetes remission (FPG < 100 mg/dl, A1c < 6.0%), partial remission (FPG 100–125 mg/dl, A1c < 6.5%), or relapse.

Results

Before surgery, body weight and BMI were 123 ± 21 kg and 44.6 ± 6.8 kg/m2 respectively; at a mean follow-up of 7 years (range 4–10), body weight was 104.9 ± 18 kg and BMI 37 ± 6 kg/m2. Minimum weight was reached after 2 years. T2DM remission was observed in 66, 57, and 52% at short (< 2 years), medium (2–5 years), and long-term (> 5 years) follow-up respectively. Furthermore, 45.2% maintained complete remission for at least 5 years and about 36% showed a persistent but improved diabetes. None of the patients cured from diabetes had a duration disease greater than 8 years and a glycemic control requiring insulin. The prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia significantly decreased from 49 to 35% and from 51 to 40% respectively.

Conclusions

LSG significantly improves body weight, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in long-term follow-up.

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