Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are more effective than tamoxifen as neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here we report the surgical and long-term outcome of elderly postmenopausal patients with locally advanced, HR-positive breast cancer treated with preoperative AIs.
Between January 2003 and December 2012, 144 postmenopausal patients inoperable with breast conservative surgery (BCS) received letrozole, anastrozole, or exemestane as NET. Patients underwent breast surgery and received adjuvant AIs. Adjuvant systemic therapy, chemotherapy and/or trastuzumab, and adjuvant radiotherapy were administered as appropriate, but limited to high-risk patients with few or no comorbidities.
After a median follow-up of 49 months, 4 (3.0 %) patients had local relapse, 18 (12.5 %) had distant metastases, and 24 (17.0 %) died. BCS was performed in 121 (84.0 %) patients. A tumor size <3 cm and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negativity were predictors of BCS. The achievement of BCS and grade G1 were significantly associated with longer disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.009 and p = 0.01, respectively) and overall survival (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005, respectively). Residual tumor ≤2 cm (yT0–yT1) in the longest diameter after NET was also statistically associated with longer DFS (p = 0.005).
The results of this retrospective study indicate that elderly breast cancer patients with a tumor size <3 cm at diagnosis and HER2 negativity have a higher probability of achieving BCS after NET. Moreover, patients treated with BCS and with grade G1 tumor have a reduced risk of recurrence and death in the long-term follow-up.
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- Long-Term Outcome of Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy with Aromatase Inhibitors in Elderly Women with Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer
MD Antonino Grassadonia
PhD Marta Di Nicola
MD Simona Grossi
MD Paolo Noccioli
MD Saveria Tavoletta
MD Roberto Politi
MD Domenico Angelucci
MD Camilla Marinelli
MD Marinella Zilli
MD Giampiero Ausili Cefaro
MD Nicola Tinari
MD Michele De Tursi
MD Laura Iezzi
MD Pasquale Cioffi
MD Stefano Iacobelli
MD Clara Natoli
MD Ettore Cianchetti
- Springer US
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