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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2018

Long-term outcomes of the 2-week schedule of hypofractionated radiotherapy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Jongmoo Park, Jinhong Jung, Daegeun Kim, In-Hye Jung, Jin-hong Park, Jong Hoon Kim, Sang-wook Lee, Sang Min Yoon
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12885-018-4953-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

The 2-week schedule of hypofractionated radiotherapy as a salvage treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has previously exhibited promising results; this study aimed to assess its long-term clinical outcomes in patients with recurrent HCC ineligible for curative treatments.

Methods

We retrospectively enrolled 77 patients (84 lesions) with HCC who were treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy between December 2008 and July 2013. Primary inclusion criteria were HCC unsuitable for curative treatments and HCC located within 2 cm of a critical normal organ. We administered 3.5–5 Gy/fraction for 2 weeks, resulting in a total dose of 35–50 Gy.

Results

The median follow-up period was 33.6 (range, 4.8–78.3) months. The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 52.3% and 40.9%, respectively, and local control rates were 79.5% and 72.6% in all treated lesions, respectively. The 5-year local control rate was better in the higher radiation dose group than in the lower radiation dose group (50 Gy: 79.7% vs. < 50 Gy: 66.1%); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.493). We observed grade ≥ 3 hepatic toxicity in 2 (2.6%) patients and grade 3 gastrointestinal bleeding in 1 (1.3%) patient. However, grade ≥ 4 toxicity was not observed after hypofractionated radiotherapy.

Conclusions

The 2-week schedule of hypofractionated radiotherapy for recurrent HCC exhibited good local control and acceptable treatment-related toxicity during the long-term follow-up period. Thus, this fractionation schedule can be a potential salvage treatment option for recurrent HCC, particularly for tumors located close to a radiosensitive gastrointestinal organ.
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