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01.06.2014 | Inflammatory Disorders | Ausgabe 6/2014

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 6/2014

Long-term progression of retinal vasculitis in Behçet patients using a fluorescein angiography scoring system

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Hae Min Kang, Sung Chul Lee
Wichtige Hinweise
The abstract of this article was presented as a poster in the 110th annual congress of the Korean Ophthalmological Society in KINTEX, Seoul, Republic of Korea, November, 2013

Abstract

Background

To evaluate the long-time progression of retinal vasculitis in Behçet patients using the fluorescein angiography (FA) scoring system.

Methods

Retrospective study was conducted for 71 eyes of 43 patients who met the study criteria. All patients completed at least 2 years of follow-up. FA was taken during the periods of active retinal vasculitis and the quiescent phase, and analyzed using a FA scoring system. Among nine categories, the four most prevalent FA signs were evaluated: optic disc hyperfluorescence (score 0–3), macular edema (score 0–4), retinal vascular staining and/or leakage (score 0–7), and capillary leakage (score 0–10).

Results

Mean number of total active inflammations was 2.6 ± 1.5 times during mean 55.0 ± 20.0 months. Mean scores at the first active inflammation were 1.8 ± 1.0 for optic disc hyperfluorescence, 2.4 ± 1.0 for macular edema, 5.3 ± 2.1 for retinal vascular staining and/or leakage, and 5.8 ± 3.2 for capillary leakage. Mean total FA score was 17.4 ± 6.8. Mean scores at the first quiescent phase were 0.6 ± 0.4 for optic disc hyperfluorescence, 1.1 ± 1.2 for macular edema, 3.8 ± 1.9 for retinal vascular staining and/or leakage, and 3.5 ± 3.5 for capillary leakage. Mean total FA score was 9.1 ± 5.0. Mean scores for each active inflammation and quiescent phase were not significantly changed, and mean FA scores were significantly reduced in quiescent phase (P = 0.003 for optic disc hyperfluorescence, P = 0.005 for macular leakage, P = 0.010 for retinal vascular staining and/or leakage, P = 0.008 for capillary leakage, and P = 0.018 for total FA score; paired t-test).

Conclusions

Retinal vasculitis of Behçet patients did not significantly progress during long-term follow-up.

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