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09.11.2019 | Original Article

Longitudinal dyadic interdependence in psychological distress among Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers

Zeitschrift:
Supportive Care in Cancer
Autoren:
Chris Segrin, Terry A. Badger, Alla Sikorskii, Alice Pasvogel, Karen Weihs, Ana Maria Lopez, Pavani Chalasani
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

Cancer diagnosis and treatment can generate substantial distress for both survivors and their family caregivers. The primary aim of this investigation is to test a model of dyadic interdependence in distress experienced by cancer survivors and their caregivers to determine if each influences the other.

Methods

To test this prediction, 209 Latinas with breast cancer and their family caregivers (dyads) were followed for 4 waves of assessment over the course of 6 months. Both psychological (depression, anxiety, perceived stress) and physical (number of symptoms, symptom distress) indicators of distress were assessed. Longitudinal analyses of dyadic data were performed in accordance with the actor-partner interdependence model.

Results

Findings indicated that psychological distress was interdependent between cancer survivors and their caregivers over the 6 months of observation. However, there was no such evidence of interdependence on indicators of physical distress.

Conclusions

These findings are consistent with emotional contagion processes and point to the potential importance of caregiver well-being for the welfare of Latina breast cancer survivors.

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