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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2017

Low adiponectin is associated with diastolic dysfunction in women: a cross-sectional study from the Tromsø Study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Jon V. Norvik, Henrik Schirmer, Kirsti Ytrehus, Trond G. Jenssen, Svetlana N. Zykova, Anne E. Eggen, Bjørn O. Eriksen, Marit D. Solbu

Abstract

Background

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is closely associated with diastolic dysfunction and related to obesity and female sex. We investigated whether adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted protein hormone with cardioprotective effects, was associated with indices of diastolic dysfunction, and whether the association was sex dependent.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional study on 1165 women and 896 men without diabetes. We stratified the multivariable adjusted logistic regression analyses and the fractional polynomial regression analyses according to sex, with echocardiographic markers of diastolic dysfunction as dependent variables, and adiponectin as the independent variable of interest.

Results

Decreased adiponectin was associated with higher odds of average tissue Doppler e’ < 9 in women (odds ratio [OR] 1.17 per 1 μg/mL adiponectin decrease, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04–1.30), but not in men (p for interaction with sex 0.04). Women, but not men, had higher odds of E/e’ ratio ≥ 8 with lower adiponectin (OR 1.12 per 1 μg/mL adiponectin decrease, 95% CI 1.02–1.24, p for interaction with sex 0.04). Adiponectin in the lower sex-specific tertile was associated with increased odds of concentric left ventricular hypertrophy in women (OR 2.44, 95% CI 1.03–5.77), but with decreased odds in men (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11–0.88, p for interaction with sex 0.002), and decreased odds of eccentric hypertrophy in men only (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.33–0.88, p for interaction with sex 0.02). Adiponectin in the lower sex-specific tertile was associated with moderately enlarged left atria in women only (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.01–2.03, p for interaction with sex 0.04). Finally, adiponectin had a non-linear relationship with left ventricular mass in women only, with exponentially increasing left ventricular mass with lower adiponectin levels (p for interaction with sex 0.01).

Conclusions

Low adiponectin was associated with higher odds of indices of diastolic dysfunction in women, but lower odds of indices of diastolic dysfunction in men. Lower adiponectin was associated with increased left ventricular mass in women only.
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