Skip to main content
main-content

16.11.2016 | Original Research Paper | Ausgabe 3/2017

Inflammation Research 3/2017

Macrophage-derived IL-1β enhances monosodium urate crystal-triggered NET formation

Zeitschrift:
Inflammation Research > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Payel Sil, Haley Wicklum, Chandler Surell, Balázs Rada
Wichtige Hinweise
Responsible Editor: John Di Battista.

Abstract

Objective and design

Arthritic gout is caused by joint inflammation triggered by the damaging effects of monosodium uric acid (MSU) crystal accumulation in the synovial space. Neutrophils play a major role in mediating joint inflammation in gout. Along with neutrophils, other immune cells, such as macrophages, are present in inflamed joints and contribute to gout pathogenesis. Neutrophils form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in response to MSU crystals. In the presence of MSU crystals, macrophages release IL-1β, a cytokine crucial to initiate gout pathogenesis and neutrophil recruitment. Our research investigated interactions between human macrophages and neutrophils in an in vitro model system and asked how macrophages affect NET formation stimulated by MSU crystals.

Materials or subjects

Human neutrophils and PBMCs were isolated from peripheral blood of healthy volunteers. PBMCs were differentiated into macrophages in vitro using human M-CSF.

Treatment

Human neutrophils were pretreated with macrophage-conditioned media, neutrophil-conditioned media, recombinant human IL-1β or anakinra prior to stimulation by MSU crystals.

Method

Interaction of neutrophils with MSU crystals was evaluated by live imaging using confocal microscopy. The presence of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and neutrophil elastase (NE) was measured by ELISA. NET formation was quantitated by Sytox Orange-based extracellular DNA release assay and NE-DNA ELISA. AggNET formation was assessed by macroscopic evaluation.

Results

We found that crystal- and cell-free supernatants of macrophages stimulated with MSU crystals promote MSU crystal-stimulated NET formation in human neutrophils. This observation was confirmed by additional assays measuring the release of MPO, NE, and the enzymatic activity of NE. MSU crystal-induced NET formation remained unchanged when neutrophil supernatants were tested. IL-1β is a crucial cytokine orchestrating the onset of inflammation in gout and is known to be released in large amounts from macrophages following MSU crystal stimulation. We found that recombinant IL-1β strongly promoted MSU crystal-induced NET formation in human neutrophils. Interestingly, IL-1β alone did not induce any NET release. We also found that clinical grade anakinra, an IL-1 receptor blocker, strongly reduced the NETosis-enhancing effect of macrophage supernatants indicating that IL-1β is mainly responsible for this effect.

Conclusions

Macrophage-derived IL-1β enhances MSU crystal-induced NET release in neutrophils. We identified a new mechanism by which macrophages and IL-1β affect neutrophil functions, and could contribute to the inflammatory conditions present in gout. Our results also revealed a new anti-inflammatory mechanism of anakinra.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2017

Inflammation Research 3/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Inneren Medizin

2017 | Buch

Rheumatologie aus der Praxis

Entzündliche Gelenkerkrankungen – mit Fallbeispielen

Dieses Fachbuch macht mit den wichtigsten chronisch entzündlichen Gelenk- und Wirbelsäulenerkrankungen vertraut. Anhand von über 40 instruktiven Fallbeispielen werden anschaulich diagnostisches Vorgehen, therapeutisches Ansprechen und der Verlauf …

Herausgeber:
Rudolf Puchner

2016 | Buch

Ambulant erworbene Pneumonie

Was, wann, warum – Dieses Buch bietet differenzierte Diagnostik und Therapie der ambulant erworbenen Pneumonie zur sofortigen sicheren Anwendung. Entsprechend der neuesten Studien und Leitlinien aller wichtigen Fachgesellschaften.

Herausgeber:
Santiago Ewig

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise