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24.02.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2020

Pediatric Cardiology 5/2020

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Risk Factors for Ventricular Arrhythmias in Tetralogy of Fallot

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 5/2020
Autoren:
Judy Rizk, Nerejda Shehu, Heiner Latus, Stefan Martinoff, Peter Ewert, Heiko Stern, Christian Meierhofer
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Abstract

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common cause of late mortality in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) was previously found to be the most common hemodynamic abnormality associated with ventricular arrhythmias (VA), but cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-based studies did not show this association. The aim of this study is to investigate the risk factors for VA in TOF using CMR. Electronic records of TOF patients and their CMR studies between July 2006 and October 2018 in one center were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic, clinical and CMR data of patients were collected. Outcome was defined as sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), aborted SCD and SCD. From a total of 434 TOF patients with complete CMR studies, 19 (4.4%) patients developed a positive outcome (12 sustained VT, 4 aborted SCD, 3 SCD) at a median age of 24 years. The number of surgical interventions was significantly greater in patients who developed VA. Right ventricular volumes were significantly larger in patients who suffered a positive outcome. Odds ratio for developing VA was 6.905 for RVEDVI ≥ 160 ml/m2 and 6.141 for RVESVI ≥ 80 ml/m2 (P = 0.0014 and 0.0012, respectively). Event-free survival was longer in patients with smaller right ventricular volumes. In conclusion, right ventricular dimensions are the most significant factors associated with the development of VA in TOF. The number of surgical interventions is also related to an increased risk.

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