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09.02.2018 | Neuro | Ausgabe 7/2018

European Radiology 7/2018

Magnetic resonance post-contrast vascular hyperintensities at 3 T: a new highly sensitive sign of vascular occlusion in acute ischaemic stroke

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 7/2018
Autoren:
Loïc Duron, Julien Savatovsky, Michael Obadia, Marie Astrid Metten, Pascal Roux, Raphael Blanc, Jean-Claude Sadik, Sarah Dhundass, Augustin Lecler

Abstract

Background

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the diagnostic cornerstone for precisely identifying acute ischaemic strokes and locating vascular occlusions, especially since mechanical thrombectomy has become a reference treatment. We observed that a post-contrast three-dimensional turbo-spin-echo T1-weighted sequence showed striking post-contrast vascular hyperintensities (PCVH) in ischaemic territories. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and the meaning of this finding.

Methods

This retrospective single centre study included 130 consecutive patients admitted for acute ischaemic stroke with a 3-T MRI performed in the first 12 h of symptom onset from September 2014 through September 2016. Two neuroradiologists blinded to clinical data analysed the first MRI assessments. The association between PCVH and clinical, radiological and follow-up findings was assessed, as well as inter- and intra-observer agreements.

Results

Of 130 patients, 105 (81%) had PCVH in the ischaemic territory. PCVH were associated with the presence of thrombus on susceptibility weighted imaging (p < 0.0001) and vascular occlusions on MR angiography (p < 0.0001). All patients with a visible thrombus had PCVH closely surrounding the clot. PCVH were associated with higher initial (p < 0.01) and follow-up (p < 0.01) National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and higher mRS score (p < 0.05). Thrombectomy was the reference treatment for all patients with arterial occlusions. Inter- and intra-observer agreements for the detection of PCVH were excellent (κ = 0.95 and κ = 0.91, respectively).

Conclusions

PCVH during acute strokes are a striking sensitive and reproducible tool for diagnosing and locating vascular occlusions. It may help triage patients who can benefit from thrombectomy.

Key points

Post-contrast vascular hyperintensities (PCVH) are a sensitive MR finding in acute stroke
PCVH are strongly associated with the presence and location of arterial occlusions
Inter- and intra-observer agreements for the detection of PCVH are excellent
PCVH are visible even in the case of significant motion artefacts
PCVH may help triage patients who can benefit from mechanical thrombectomy

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