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01.12.2011 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2011 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2011

Malignant neuroleptic syndrome following deep brain stimulation surgery: a case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2011
Autoren:
Marios S Themistocleous, Efstathios J Boviatsis, Lampis C Stavrinou, Pantelis Stathis, Damianos E Sakas
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

MST contributed to the analysis and interpretation of the data and wrote the manuscript. DES was the chief surgeon and was involved in drafting the manuscript and critically revising it for important intellectual content. EJB, LCS, and PS made contributions to the conception and design of the case report. All authors read and approved the final manuscript, and all authors contributed equally to the final draft of the manuscript.

Abstract

Background

The neuroleptic malignant syndrome is an uncommon but dangerous complication characterized by hyperthermia, autonomic dysfunction, altered mental state, hemodynamic dysregulation, elevated serum creatine kinase, and rigor. It is most often caused by an adverse reaction to anti-psychotic drugs or abrupt discontinuation of neuroleptic or anti-parkinsonian agents. To the best of our knowledge, it has never been reported following the common practice of discontinuation of anti-parkinsonian drugs during the pre-operative preparation for deep brain stimulation surgery for Parkinson's disease.

Case presentation

We present the first case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome associated with discontinuation of anti-parkinsonian medication prior to deep brain stimulation surgery in a 54-year-old Caucasian man.

Conclusion

The characteristic neuroleptic malignant syndrome symptoms can be attributed to other, more common causes associated with deep brain stimulation treatment for Parkinson's disease, thus requiring a high index of clinical suspicion to timely establish the correct diagnosis. As more centers become eligible to perform deep brain stimulation, neurologists and neurosurgeons alike should be aware of this potentially fatal complication. Timely activation of the deep brain stimulation system may be important in accelerating the patient's recovery.

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Literatur
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