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03.10.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2019

Acta Diabetologica 2/2019

Malnutrition in type 2 diabetic patients does not affect healing of foot ulcers

Zeitschrift:
Acta Diabetologica > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
A. Rouland, C. Fourmont, A. L. Sberna, L. S. Aho Glele, T. Mouillot, I. Simoneau, B. Vergès, J. M. Petit, Benjamin Bouillet
Wichtige Hinweise
Managed by Antonio Secchi.

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00592-018-1233-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
That the study has been recorded in clinical trial with the reference: NCT02168348.

Abstract

Aim

Protein–energy malnutrition is known to be involved in wound healing. While wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) is a complex and multifactorial process, the role of malnutrition in this case has rarely been explored. The objective of this study was to determine whether the nutritional status of diabetic patients influences the healing of DFU.

Methods

48 patients were included in this prospective, single-center study. All patients with comorbidities or factors involving malnutrition or influencing biological measurements were excluded. Patients were followed up for 24 weeks.

Results

The malnutrition rate was 29.2% at baseline and 25.6% at the end of the study. The difference was not significant. Of the 35 patients with wound healing, 29% were undernourished at inclusion and 17% at the end of the study. Of the 12 patients without wound healing, 50% were undernourished at inclusion, and 42% at the end of the study. These differences were not significant. Rate and speed of wound healing were not associated with malnutrition at inclusion. 15% of patients without malnutrition at baseline had final malnutrition.

Conclusion

We demonstrated that wound healing was not affected by the initial presence of malnutrition. In our study, there is no evidence to support nutritional intervention to improve wound healing in diabetic patients. Nevertheless, malnutrition is responsible for an increase in morbidity and mortality and it is essential to identify malnutrition systematically for all patients with DFU, initially and during follow-up to treat it quickly and efficiently.

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