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01.12.2014 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2014

Mapping of a blood pressure QTL on chromosome 17 in American Indians of the strong heart family study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Nora Franceschini, Ran Tao, Lan Liu, Sue Rutherford, Karin Haack, Laura Almasy, Harald HH Göring, Sandra Laston, Elisa T Lee, Lyle G Best, Richard Fabsitz, Shelley A Cole, Kari E North
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1471-2261-14-158) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

NF, SAC and KEN designed the study and wrote the manuscript. RT, NF and LL performed the statistical analysis. KH, SAC, SR and SL genotyped the SNPs. ETL, LA, LGB, RF contributed generating the phenotype data. SR, KH, LA, HHHG, SL, ETL, LGB, RF contributed with critical review of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Blood pressure (BP) is a complex trait, with a heritability of 30 to 40%. Several genome wide associated BP loci explain only a small fraction of the phenotypic variation. Family studies can provide an important tool for gene discovery by utilizing trait and genetic transmission information among relative-pairs. We have previously described a quantitative trait locus at chromosome 17q25.3 influencing systolic BP in American Indians of the Strong Heart Family Study (SHFS). This locus has been reported to associate with variation in BP traits in family studies of Europeans, African Americans and Hispanics.

Methods

To follow-up persuasive linkage findings at this locus, we performed comprehensive genotyping in the 1-LOD unit support interval region surrounding this QTL using a multi-step strategy. We first genotyped 1,334 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 928 individuals from families that showed evidence of linkage for BP. We then genotyped a second panel of 306 SNPs in all SHFS participants (N = 3,807) for genes that displayed the strongest evidence of association in the region, and, in a third step, included additional genotyping to better cover the genes of interest and to interrogate plausible candidate genes in the region.

Results

Three genes had multiple SNPs marginally associated with systolic BP (TBC1D16, HRNBP3 and AZI1). In BQTN analysis, used to estimate the posterior probability that any variant in each gene had an effect on the phenotype, AZI1 showed the most prominent findings (posterior probability of 0.66). Importantly, upon correction for multiple testing, none of our study findings could be distinguished from chance.

Conclusion

Our findings demonstrate the difficulty of follow-up studies of linkage studies for complex traits, particularly in the context of low powered studies and rare variants underlying linkage peaks.
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