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01.12.2017 | Case Report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2017

Mastalgia as an atypical presentation of hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
AbdulAziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Abdulrhman Hamad Al-Abdulwahhab, Ibrahim Abobaker Alghnimi, Mohammed A. El Shawarby, Faisal Ahmad Katbi

Abstract

Background

As the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnoses in Saudi Arabia has recently increased due to better diagnostic techniques, the incidence of diagnosed HCC metastasis has also increased. Here, we report a case of HCC metastasis to the rib with an initially atypical presentation of mastalgia caused by extrahepatic metastasis.

Case presentation

A 31-year-old woman with a prior hepatitis B viral infection presented with a mass in the left breast accompanied by mastalgia for a 6-month duration. The patient’s liver enzymes were elevated, and her serum α-fetoprotein level was particularly high. Computed tomography of her chest and abdomen showed a soft-tissue mass adhering to the upper chest wall, rib deterioration, and multiple hepatic lesions. A needle biopsy was immunohistochemically analyzed for Glypican-3, Pan-CK, and CK7 and was confirmed to be metastatic HCC.

Conclusions

This metastatic HCC case is unique because it initially presented as mastalgia. We should consider the possibility of metastatic disease when assessing patients with unusual presentations who have risk factors for metastatic carcinoma.
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