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07.02.2018 | Ausgabe 7/2018

Maternal and Child Health Journal 7/2018

Maternal Care Providers’ Barriers Regarding Influenza and Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy in Catalonia, Spain

Zeitschrift:
Maternal and Child Health Journal > Ausgabe 7/2018
Autoren:
Luz Maria Vilca, Cristina Martínez, Miriam Burballa, Magda Campins
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10995-018-2481-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objective Maternal care providers (MCPs), obstetrician-gynaecologists and midwives are uniquely placed to increase maternal vaccination acceptance. We aimed to assess their knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding influenza and pertussis vaccination during pregnancy. Methods We conducted an online survey among MCPs working at “Attention to Sexual and Reproductive Health” (ASSIR) Units in Catalonia region. The survey included questions about current recommendations of influenza and pertussis immunization during pregnancy, reasons for not routinely recommending vaccination and several strategies to increase vaccination uptake. Results A total of 194 MCPs completed the survey, 178 (91.8%) were female and 145 (70%) were midwives. Only 61 (31.4%) stated they vaccinated themselves annually against influenza with a significant lower uptake among midwives (26.9%) than obstetrician-gynaecologists (44.9%) (p = 0.03). Overall, 53.6% of MCPs knew influenza vaccine was indicated during first trimester but only 43.3% stated they prescribed it. Almost all MCPs (98.5%) knew pertussis vaccine was recommended and 97.4% stated they prescribed it. The most important vaccination barrier found was the concern related to vaccine adverse events (25.9%) and more midwives than obstetrician-gynaecologists expressed this concern (30.8 vs. 10%) (p = 0.02). The most popular strategies were: including vaccine recommendations in the pregnancy booklet (93.8%) and receiving vaccination training (92.3%). In the adjusted analysis, the only factor significantly associated with MCPs’ prescription of influenza vaccine during second/third trimester was having been vaccinated themselves (odds ratio 3.70, 95% confidence interval 1.3–13.2). Conclusions for Practice Implementation of practical tools, continuous training and clear definition of responsibilities regarding vaccination among MCPs may have a significant impact on maternal vaccination coverage.

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