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03.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2018 Open Access

Heart and Vessels 11/2018

Mean platelet volume is associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in patients with stable coronary artery disease

Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 11/2018
Ilona Korzonek-Szlacheta, Bartosz Hudzik, Justyna Nowak, Janusz Szkodzinski, Jolanta Nowak, Mariusz Gąsior, Barbara Zubelewicz-Szkodzinska


There is little published data on the association of platelet function and 25(OH)D concentration. We investigated the associations between mean platelet volume (MPV) and 25(OH)D concentration in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Study population was divided into three groups: group 1—25(OH)D < 10 ng/mL (N = 22), group 2—25(OH)D 10–20 ng/mL (N = 42), and group 3—25(OH)D > 20 ng/mL (N = 14). Study groups shared similar demographics. MPV values were the highest in group 1, moderate in group 2, and the lowest in group 3 (11.1 vs 10.4 vs 9.8 fL P < 0.001). There was a negative correlation between MPV and 25(OH)D (R = − 0.38, P = 0.001). ROC analysis demonstrated a moderate predictive value (AUC 0.70) in identifying the discrimination thresholds of MPV (> 10.5 fL) for vitamin D deficiency and a weak predictive value (AUC 0.65) in identifying the discrimination thresholds of 25(OH)D concentration (≤ 15.5 ng/mL) for the presence of large platelets (MPV over the upper limit of normal). In conclusion, even though the effect of vitamin D on platelet size and function is probably multifactorial, our study provides further evidence linking vitamin D to thrombosis and hemostasis. Platelets are another potential element through which vitamin D deficiency could exert adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

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