Skip to main content
main-content

21.01.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2017

Pediatric Cardiology 3/2017

Measurement of Aortic Valve Coaptation and Effective Height Using Echocardiography in Patients with Ventricular Septal Defects and Aortic Valve Prolapse

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Satoru Iwashima, Hiroki Uchiyama, Takamichi Ishikawa, Kiyohiro Takigiku, Ken Takahashi, Manatomo Toyono, Nao Inoue, Masaki Nii

Abstract

Decreased coaptation height in adults has been identified as a marker of early valve failure. We evaluated aortic valve coaptation and effective height in healthy children and in children with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) with aortic cusp prolapse (ACP), using echocardiography. We included 45 subjects with VSD with ACP, 27 did not develop aortic regurgitation (AR) by ACP and 18 developed AR by ACP, and 83 healthy children as controls. Aortic root anatomy was estimated using the parasternal long-axis view. We measured the diameter of aortic valve (AV), coaptation height (CH), and effective height (EH) of the aortic valve. We defined the ACH (CH/AV ratio) and AEH (EH/AV ratio) indices as follows: \(\text{ACH }\!\!~\!\!\text{ index}\left( \text{ }\!\!\%\!\!\text{ } \right)\text{= }\!\!~\!\!\text{ }\frac{\text{CH}}{\text{AV}}\text{ }\!\!\times\!\!\text{ 100, AEH }\!\!~\!\!\text{ index}\left( \text{ }\!\!\%\!\!\text{ } \right)\text{= }\!\!~\!\!\text{ }\frac{\text{EH}}{\text{AV}}\text{ }\!\!\times\!\!\text{ 100}\). There were significant differences in ACH and AEH between the groups (control vs VSD with ACP vs VSD with ACP and AR, median ACH [%], 35.1 vs 32.0 vs 22.1; median AEH [%], 52.0 vs 48.0 vs 34.4, respectively; P < 0.01]). Intra-cardiac repair (ICR) was performed in 15 cases. Significant increases were observed in ACH and AEH before and after ICR (median ACH [%], before: 27.0, after: 32.7, P < 0.05; median AEH (%), before 38.5, after 45.8, P < 0.05). Measurement of ACH and AEH may allow direct and non-invasive assessment of the severity of VSD with ACP, which could aid clinicians in determining the need and timing for surgical intervention.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2017

Pediatric Cardiology 3/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise