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01.02.2014 | Original Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2014

Documenta Ophthalmologica 1/2014

Measurement of cone dark adaptation: a comparison of four psychophysical methods

Zeitschrift:
Documenta Ophthalmologica > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Allannah J. Gaffney, Alison M. Binns, Tom H. Margrain

Abstract

Purpose

Dark adaptometry is an important clinical tool for the diagnosis of a range of conditions, including age-related macular degeneration. In order to identify the most robust, clinically applicable technique for the measurement of cone dark adaptation, the repeatability and agreement of four psychophysical methods were assessed.

Methods

Data were obtained from 31 healthy adults on two occasions, using four psychophysical methods. Participants’ pupils were dilated, and 96 % of cone photopigment was bleached before threshold was monitored in the dark using one of the techniques, selected at random. This procedure was repeated for each of the remaining methods. An exponential recovery function was fitted to all threshold recovery data. The coefficient of repeatability (CoR) was calculated to assess the repeatability of the methods, and a repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to compare mean recovery parameters.

Results

All four methods demonstrated a similar level of intersession repeatability for measurement of cone recovery, yielding CoRs between 1.18 and 1.56 min. There were no statistically significant differences in estimates of mean time constant of cone recovery (cone τ) between the four methods (p = 0.488); however, significant differences between initial and final cone thresholds were reported (p < 0.005).

Conclusions

All of the techniques were capable of monitoring the rapid changes in visual threshold that occur during cone dark adaptation, and the repeatability of the techniques was similar. This indicates that despite the respective advantages and disadvantages of these psychophysical techniques, all four methods would be suitable for measuring cone dark adaptation in clinical practice.

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