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13.09.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Clinical Oral Investigations 3/2018

Mechanical characteristics of the maxillary sinus Schneiderian membrane ex vivo

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Angel Insua, Florencio Monje-Gil, Lucía García-Caballero, Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Hom-Lay Wang, Alberto Monje
Wichtige Hinweise
Summary Sentence: No clear correlation between the Schneiderian membrane thickness and increased membrane resistance was noted.

Abstract

Objectives

It has been speculated that certain Schneiderian membrane thickness (SMT) might be more prone to perforation. This investigation was aimed at studying the mechanical characteristics of the Schneiderian membrane under one- and two-dimensional tests and their correlation to the histological SMT in human samples.

Material and methods

Sixteen Schneiderian membranes were collected from 11 cadaver heads treated with Thiel’s embalming method. The samples were processed and analyzed clinically and histologically. One-dimensional maximum elongation until perforation and two-dimensional resistance to ball penetration were performed after the biopsy. Data was analyzed by using the Wilcoxon rank test and the Spearman’s rank correlation.

Results

The histological SMT was 1.36 ± 0.42 mm, whereas the clinical thickness was 0.27 ± 0.21 mm, yielding statistical significance (p = 0.000). The resistance under ball penetration was 0.59 ± 0.43 N and the mean maximum elongation in the one-dimension test 11.19 ± 7.14 mm. Expressed in percentage, the mean stretch was 241.36 ± 227.97% (range 31.5 up to 947%). A weak positive correlation was found between the ball penetration test and the SMT (r = 0.10, p = 0.711), while a weak negative correlation was found between stretching test and the SMT (r = −0.021, p = 0.94).

Conclusions

Mechanical tests seem to indicate that SMT might not significantly predispose to Schneiderian membrane perforation. Hence, other anatomical and operator’s factors should be considered of surpassing importance.

Clinical relevance

Thinner SM might be more prone to perforation when detaching it from the maxillary sinus antrum; however, a thick membrane is not prevented to tear, as their resistance under elastic forces is not higher than thinner ones.

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