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01.11.2010 | Ausgabe 9/2010

Quality of Life Research 9/2010

Mental health and quality of life survey among child survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake

Zeitschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Ausgabe 9/2010
Autoren:
Zhaobao Jia, Wenhua Tian, Xiang He, Weizhi Liu, Chunlin Jin, Hansheng Ding
Wichtige Hinweise
Zhaobao Jia, Wenhua Tian and Xiang He contributed equally to the article.

Abstract

Purpose

To characterize child survivors’ mental health and quality of life after a massive earthquake.

Methods

A population-based survey of 596 children aged between 8 and 16 years was conducted in the severely affected areas of the earthquake, using a multi-stage systematic sampling design.

Results

The point prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among the child survivors aged between 8 and 16 years 15 months after the earthquake were 12.4 and 13.9%, respectively. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was found to be strongly and negatively associated with PTSD and depression. Children who had lost family members were most likely to develop PTSD (OR = 6.6; P < 0.001) as well as depression (OR = 4.1; P < 0.001). Children who reported no utilization of mental health services were four times more likely to suffer from PTSD than those who did not (P = 0.002).

Conclusions

More than one in five child survivors were identified as having PTSD or depression; HRQoL of these identified children were deeply compromised. Utilization of mental health services may significantly reduce the risk of developing PTSD symptoms.

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