The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1245-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
To investigate the knowledge of schizophrenia and depression among caregivers of patients with mental disorder in China.
A convenience sample of 402 caregivers at the Department of Psychiatry of a general hospital in China was investigated (response rate 95.7%), using vignettes based investigation methodology.
The number of caregivers using the term “depression” to describe the depression vignette was 43.6%, which was significantly higher than the number of caregivers using the term “schizophrenia” to describe the schizophrenia one (28.5%). A high percentage of caregivers believed that “psychiatrist”, “psychologist” and “close family members” would be helpful, and the top three most helpful interventions were “becoming more physically active”, “getting out and learning more” and “receiving psychotherapy”. The number of caregivers endorsed “antipsychotics” and “antidepressants” as helpful for the schizophrenia and the depression vignettes were 82.0 and 80.7%, respectively. Regarding the causes of mental illness, items related to psychosocial factors, including “daily problems” and “work or financial problems”, and “weakness of character” were highly rated, with half considered genetic or chemical imbalance causes.
Caregivers expressed a high knowledge about treatments and interventions of mental disorders. But there are still some areas, particularly regarding the recognition and causes of mental disorders, that are in need of improvement. This is particularly the case for schizophrenia.
Additional file 1: Provide the details about the characteristics of the hypothetical people in the schizophrenia vignette and the depression vignette in English. (DOCX 12 kb)12888_2017_1245_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Jing W, Xiaoning H, Li L, Wenyu Y, Montgomery W, Haibo X, et al. Health care resource use and direct medical costs for patients with schizophrenia in Tianjin, People’s Republic of China. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2015;11:983–90.
Jorm AF, Korten AE, Jacomb PA, Christensen H, Rodgers B, Pollitt P. “Mental health literacy”: a survey of the public's ability to recognise mental disorders and their beliefs about the effectiveness of treatment. Med J Australia. 1997;166(4):182–6. PubMed
Jorm AF, Korten AE, Rodgers B, Pollitt P, Jacomb PA, Christensen H, et al. Belief systems of the general public concerning the appropriate treatments for mental disorders. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 1997;32(8):468–73. PubMed
Yu Y, Liu Z, Hu M, Liu X, Liu H, Yang JP, et al. Assessment of mental health literacy using a multifaceted measure among a Chinese rural population. BMJ Open. 2015;5(10):e009054.
Liu Q. A study on help-seeking behavior and treatment with mental illness (In Chinese). Lanzhou University. 2012.
Jorm AF, Korten AE, Jacomb PA, Christensen H, Rodgers B, Pollitt P. Public beliefs about causes and risk factors for depression and schizophrenia. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 1997;32(3):143–8. PubMed
Reavley NJ, Jorm AF. Recognition of mental disorders and beliefs about treatment and outcome: findings from an Australian national survey of mental health literacy and stigma. Aust NZ J Psychiatry. 2011;45(11):947–56. CrossRef
Reavley NJ, Jorm AF. National survey of mental health literacy and stigma. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing; 2011.
Kong X, Yang Y. The current status and challenges of community general practitioner system building in China. QJM Mon J Assoc Phys. 2014;108(2):89–91.
Wenyan P, Guobao D, Jianming Y, Bingrong C, Lei L. Investigate pathway to care for 234 schizophrenia patients with first-episode (In Chinese). Med J Chin People Health. 2011;11:1330–2.
Hocking B. Reducing mental illness stigma and discrimination - everybody’s business. Med J Aust. 2003;178(Suppl):S47–8. PubMed
Reavley NJ, Cvetkovski S, Jorm AF. The Australian public’s beliefs about the harmfulness of antipsychotics: associated factors and change over 16 years. Psychiatry Res. 2013;2–3:307–12. CrossRef
Kvaalea EP, Gottdienerb WH, Haslama N. Biogenetic explanations and stigma: A meta-analytic review of associations among laypeople. Soc Sci Med. 2013;96(6):95–103.
- Mental health literacy about schizophrenia and depression: a survey among Chinese caregivers of patients with mental disorder
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Psychiatrie
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet
Mail Icon II