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01.12.2014 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 4/2014 Open Access

EcoHealth 4/2014

Merging Economics and Epidemiology to Improve the Prediction and Management of Infectious Disease

Zeitschrift:
EcoHealth > Ausgabe 4/2014
Autoren:
Charles Perrings, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Gerardo Chowell, Peter Daszak, Eli P. Fenichel, David Finnoff, Richard D. Horan, A. Marm Kilpatrick, Ann P. Kinzig, Nicolai V. Kuminoff, Simon Levin, Benjamin Morin, Katherine F. Smith, Michael Springborn

Abstract

Mathematical epidemiology, one of the oldest and richest areas in mathematical biology, has significantly enhanced our understanding of how pathogens emerge, evolve, and spread. Classical epidemiological models, the standard for predicting and managing the spread of infectious disease, assume that contacts between susceptible and infectious individuals depend on their relative frequency in the population. The behavioral factors that underpin contact rates are not generally addressed. There is, however, an emerging a class of models that addresses the feedbacks between infectious disease dynamics and the behavioral decisions driving host contact. Referred to as “economic epidemiology” or “epidemiological economics,” the approach explores the determinants of decisions about the number and type of contacts made by individuals, using insights and methods from economics. We show how the approach has the potential both to improve predictions of the course of infectious disease, and to support development of novel approaches to infectious disease management.

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