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14.09.2017 | Review Article - Brain Tumors | Ausgabe 11/2017

Acta Neurochirurgica 11/2017

Microsurgical versus endoscopic transsphenoidal resection for acromegaly: a systematic review of outcomes and complications

Zeitschrift:
Acta Neurochirurgica > Ausgabe 11/2017
Autoren:
Ching-Jen Chen, Natasha Ironside, I. Jonathan Pomeraniec, Srinivas Chivukula, Thomas J. Buell, Dale Ding, Davis G. Taylor, Robert F. Dallapiazza, Cheng-Chia Lee, Marvin Bergsneider

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the long-term endocrine outcomes and postoperative complications following endoscopic vs. microscopic transsphenoidal resection (TSR) for the treatment of acromegaly.

Methods

A literature review was performed, and studies with at least five patients who underwent TSR for acromegaly, reporting biochemical remission criteria and long-term remission outcomes were included. Data extracted from each study included surgical technique, perioperative complications, biochemical remission criteria, and long-term remission outcomes.

Results

Fifty-two case series from 1976 to 2016 met the inclusion criteria, comprising 4375 patients. Thirty-six reports were microsurgical (n = 3144) and 13 were endoscopic (n = 940). Three studies compared microsurgical (n = 111) to endoscopic TSR outcomes (n = 180). The overall initial and long-term remission rates were 58.2 vs. 57.4% and 69.2 vs. 70.2% for the microsurgical and endoscopic groups, respectively. For microadenomas, the initial and long-term remission rates were 77.6 vs. 82.2% and 76.9 vs. 73.5% for microsurgical and endoscopic approaches, respectively. For macroadenomas, the initial and long-term remission rates were 46.9 vs. 60.0% and 40.2 vs. 61.5% for microsurgical and endoscopic approaches, respectively. The rates of postoperative CSF leak were 3.0 vs. 2.3% for the microscopic and endoscopic groups, respectively. The rates of hypopituitarism and transient diabetes insipidus were 6.7 vs. 6.4% and 9.0 vs. 7.8% for the microscopic and endoscopic groups, respectively.

Conclusions

Both endoscopic and microsurgical approaches for TSR of growth hormone-secreting adenomas are viable treatment options for patients with acromegaly, and yield similarly high rates of remission under the most current consensus criteria.

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