The authors have no financial obligations to disclose related to this study.
J Y designed the study and carried out the data collection. SF participated in the design of the study, performed the statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript. R drafted the manuscript. PJG reviewed the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Medical students routinely have triggers, notably stress and irregular sleep, which are typically associated with migraine. We hypothesized that they may be at higher risk to manifest migraine. We aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine among medical students in Kuwait University.
This is cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months were subjected to two preliminary questions and participants with at least one positive response were asked to perform the validated Identification of Migraine (ID Migraine™) test. Frequency of headache per month and its severity were also reported.
Migraine headache was suggested in 27.9% subjects based on ID-Migraine™. Migraine prevalence (35.5% and 44%, versus 31.1%, 25%, 21.1%, 14.8%, 26.5%, p < 0.000), frequency (5.55 + 1.34 and 7.23 + 1.27, versus 3.77 ± 0.99, 2.88 ± 0.85, 3.07 ± 0.96, 2.75 ± 0.75, 4.06 ± 1.66, p < 0.000); and severity of headache (59.1% and 68.2%, versus 28.3%,8.3%, 6.7%,16.7%, p < 0.000; were significantly increased among students in the last 2 years compared to first five years of their study. Stress 43 (24.9%), irregular sleep 36 (20.8%), and substantial reading tasks 32 (18.5%), were the most common triggering factors cited by the students.
The prevalence of migraine is higher among medical students in Kuwait University compared to other published studies. The migraine prevalence, frequency and headache severity, all increased in the final two years of education.
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- Migraine among medical students in Kuwait University
Jasem Y Al-Hashel
Samar Farouk Ahmed
Peter J Goadsby
- Springer Milan
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