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01.12.2018 | Study protocol | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2018

MINDMAP: establishing an integrated database infrastructure for research in ageing, mental well-being, and the urban environment

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Mariëlle A. Beenackers, Dany Doiron, Isabel Fortier, J. Mark Noordzij, Erica Reinhard, Emilie Courtin, Martin Bobak, Basile Chaix, Giuseppe Costa, Ulrike Dapp, Ana V. Diez Roux, Martijn Huisman, Emily M. Grundy, Steinar Krokstad, Pekka Martikainen, Parminder Raina, Mauricio Avendano, Frank J. van Lenthe
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12889-018-5031-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Urbanization and ageing have important implications for public mental health and well-being. Cities pose major challenges for older citizens, but also offer opportunities to develop, test, and implement policies, services, infrastructure, and interventions that promote mental well-being. The MINDMAP project aims to identify the opportunities and challenges posed by urban environmental characteristics for the promotion and management of mental well-being and cognitive function of older individuals.

Methods

MINDMAP aims to achieve its research objectives by bringing together longitudinal studies from 11 countries covering over 35 cities linked to databases of area-level environmental exposures and social and urban policy indicators. The infrastructure supporting integration of this data will allow multiple MINDMAP investigators to safely and remotely co-analyse individual-level and area-level data.
Individual-level data is derived from baseline and follow-up measurements of ten participating cohort studies and provides information on mental well-being outcomes, sociodemographic variables, health behaviour characteristics, social factors, measures of frailty, physical function indicators, and chronic conditions, as well as blood derived clinical biochemistry-based biomarkers and genetic biomarkers. Area-level information on physical environment characteristics (e.g. green spaces, transportation), socioeconomic and sociodemographic characteristics (e.g. neighbourhood income, residential segregation, residential density), and social environment characteristics (e.g. social cohesion, criminality) and national and urban social policies is derived from publically available sources such as geoportals and administrative databases.
The linkage, harmonization, and analysis of data from different sources are being carried out using piloted tools to optimize the validity of the research results and transparency of the methodology.

Discussion

MINDMAP is a novel research collaboration that is combining population-based cohort data with publicly available datasets not typically used for ageing and mental well-being research. Integration of various data sources and observational units into a single platform will help to explain the differences in ageing-related mental and cognitive disorders both within as well as between cities in Europe, the US, Canada, and Russia and to assess the causal pathways and interactions between the urban environment and the individual determinants of mental well-being and cognitive ageing in older adults.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: MINDMAP research teams. (DOCX 26 kb)
12889_2018_5031_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Additional file 2: Structure of the MINDMAP project. (DOCX 219 kb)
12889_2018_5031_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Additional file 3: Overview of data. (DOCX 31 kb)
12889_2018_5031_MOESM3_ESM.docx
Literatur
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