01.12.2004 | Original article | Ausgabe 12/2004
Minimal-access surgery training in the Netherlands: a survey among residents-in-training for general surgery
- M. P. Schijven, J. T. M. Berlage, J. J. Jakimowicz
The purpose of this study was to assess the state of surgical training and its possible shortcomings in minimal-access surgery (MAS) among Dutch surgical residents.
A pretested questionnaire was distributed to all residents-in-training for general surgery in The Netherlands.
The questionnaire was sent to 407 surgical residents. The response rate was 65%. Overall, 87.7% of all the responders were highly interested in the autonomous performance of laparoscopic surgery. Residents interested in gastrointestinal (GI) or oncologic surgery (n = 137) are significantly more interested than residents interested in non-GI/oncologic surgery. All the residents (100%) thought it was important to be able to perform the three basic MAS procedures (diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and laparoscopic appendectomy) autonomously at the end of their surgical training. Other MAS procedures were considered to be advanced procedures. Gastrointestinal/oncologic residents were most interested in performing advanced MAS procedures, although only 17.8% expected to be adequately prepared at the end of their surgical training. Most residents had the opportunity to attend MAS skills education. Irrespective of the format or training method, only 26.9% of residents stated their MAS skills training was objectively evaluated. The residents thought every surgical hospital department in the Netherlands should have a surgeon specialized in laparoscopic surgery (86.9%).
The current study showed that Dutch residents believe it is very important to perform basic MAS autonomously. Of the GI/oncologic–interested residents, the majority want to be able to perform advanced MAS, but expect to be unable to do so at the end of their training. They attribute this discrepancy to “not having enough chance to be the first operator” and to “lack of volume of procedures in the hospital.” Specific and properly implemented, monitored, and evaluated MAS skills training programs in skills laboratory settings could offer a promising environment for overcoming this discrepancy.