Zhi-Xue Yang and Bo Zhang contributed equally to this work
Recent studies have shown that laminin subunit alpha 4 (LAMA4) plays an important role in carcinogenesis. However, its molecular biological function in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has not been entirely clarified. This study investigated the expression of LAMA4 in TNBC and its effect on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, we also identified the potential miRNA directly targeting LAMA4.
Western blot, Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) were used to detect the expression of LAMA4 in TNBC. The effects of LAMA4 on TNBC cell proliferation, migration and invasion were also explored in vitro. The potential miRNA that targets LAMA4 was determined by dual luciferase reporter assay and verified by qPCR and western blot analysis.
Our study showed LAMA4 mRNA (p = 0.001) and protein (p = 0.005) expression in TNBC tissue samples were elevated compared with adjacent normal tissue samples, and LAMA4 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of breast carcinoma cells. Knockdown of LAMA4 inhibited TNBC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. Moreover, further study revealed that LAMA4 was a putative target of miR-539, and miR-539 negatively regulated LAMA4 expression by directly targeting its 3′-UTR.
Our study suggested that miR-539 suppressed the expression of LAMA4. LAMA4 plays an important role in tumor progression and may be an important target in treatment of TNBC.