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29.10.2018 | Reproductive Physiology and Disease | Ausgabe 2/2019

Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 2/2019

MiRNA-99a can regulate proliferation and apoptosis of human granulosa cells via targeting IGF-1R in polycystic ovary syndrome

Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics > Ausgabe 2/2019
Yudi Geng, Cong Sui, Yang Xun, Qiaohong Lai, Lei Jin



We aimed to evaluate the regulation of miR-99a to the biological functions of granulosa cells in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) via targeting IGF-1R.


We collected aspirated follicular fluid in both patients with and without PCOS. Granulosa cells (GCs) were isolated through Percoll differential centrifugation to detect both miR-99a and IGF-1R expressions. We further transfected COV434 cells with miR-99a mimics to establish a miRNA-99a (miR-99a) overexpression model. We explored the regulation of miR-99a to the proliferation and apoptosis of human GCs via IGF-1R in COV434. The effect of different insulin concentrations on miR-99a expression was also evaluated.


MiR-99a was significantly downregulated while IGF-1R was upregulated in patients with PCOS. MiR-99a can regulate IGF-1R on a post-transcriptional level. After transfection of miR-99a mimics, the proliferation rate was decreased and apoptosis rate was increased significantly in COV434. Exogenous insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) treatment could reverse the effect of miR-99a. MiR-99a was negatively and dose-dependently regulated by insulin in vitro.


MiR-99a expression was downregulated in patients with PCOS, the degree of which may be closely related to insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. MiR-99a could attenuate proliferation and promote apoptosis of human GCs through targeting IGF-1R, which could partly explain the abnormal folliculogenesis in PCOS.

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