Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2013 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 12/2013

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2013

Modulation of peripheral immune responses by paclitaxel–ifosfamide–cisplatin chemotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 12/2013
Autoren:
Nikolaos Koufos, Despina Michailidou, Ioannis D. Xynos, Periclis Tomos, Kalliopi Athanasiadou, Christos Kosmas, Nikolaos Tsavaris

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to assess systemic immunological responses in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with stage III/IV disease during treatment with paclitaxel–ifosfamide–cisplatin (TIP) chemotherapy.

Methods

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from healthy donors (HD) (n = 20) and chemotherapy-naive NSCLC patients treated with TIP (n = 32) were tested for production of IL-1, TNF-α, TNF-β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-2 upon polyclonal stimulation with anti-CD3 mAb. They were further assessed over a treatment period of twelve weeks (i.e., four treatment cycles).

Results

PBMCs from NSCLC patients produced higher IL-1, TNF-α, TNF-β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12 levels, whereas IL-2 exhibited lower values compared to HD (p < 0.001 for all parameters). Of interest, patients who responded to treatment had significantly higher increases in IL-2 (p < 0.001) and significantly higher decreases in IL-1 (p < 0.001), TNF-α (p < 0.001), TNF-β (p < 0.001), IL-6 (p = 0.02), IL-8 (p < 0.001), IL-10 (p < 0.001) and IL-12 (p < 0.001) levels. Non-responders revealed post-therapeutically a significantly higher increase in IL-1, TNF-α, TNF-β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12 secretion and a significantly higher decrease in IL-2 levels (p < 0.001 for all parameters). Patients who responded to treatment and had a significantly higher increase in IL-2 showed a significantly longer median survival (p value < 0.001, 26 vs. 7.5 months).

Conclusion

Our study indicates that monitoring cytokine dynamics in patients with advanced NSCLC and especially those of IL-2 in peripheral blood components in vitro could be used as a predictor of treatment-related outcome and overall survival in NSCLC.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Alle e.Med Abos bis 30. April 2021 zum halben Preis!

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2013

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2013 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise