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15.09.2020 | Ausgabe 2/2021

Cardiovascular Toxicology 2/2021

Modulation of the Expression of Long Non-Coding RNAs H19, GAS5, and MIAT by Endurance Exercise in the Hearts of Rats with Myocardial Infarction

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Toxicology > Ausgabe 2/2021
Autoren:
Saeideh Jafarinejad Farsangi, Farzaneh Rostamzadeh, Mozhgan Sheikholeslami, Elham Jafari, Mohammadreza Karimzadeh
Wichtige Hinweise
Handling Editor: Vittorio Fineschi.

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Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a critical role in the regulation of cardiovascular function. Dysregulation of lncRNAs is implicated in the progression of cardiovascular diseases including myocardial infarction (MI). Regarding the beneficial effects of exercise (Ex) on the improvement of MI, this study aimed to investigate the effects of post-MI Ex on the expression of MI-associated lncRNAs: H19, myocardial infarction association transcript (MIAT), and growth arrest specific 5 (GAS5). MI was induced by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation in male Wistar rats. One week later, rats were exercised under a moderate-intensity protocol for 4 weeks. In the end, hemodynamic parameters and cardiac function indices were measured. Assessment of fibrotic areas and apoptosis was performed by Masson's trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Expression of genes was evaluated by real-time PCR. Ex significantly reduced the fibrotic areas (P < 0.05) and apoptosis and increased contractility indices (P < 0.01), and cardiac function (P < 0.05) in MI groups. The reduced expression of H19 (P < 0.01) in MI rats returned to normal levels by Ex. Ex significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the expression of MIAT and increased the expression of GAS5 (P < 0.01), which had changed in the hearts of rats with MI. The present study indicated the beneficial effect of Ex on the improvement of cardiac function and reduction of fibrosis in infarcted heart possibly through regulation of the expression of lncRNAs: H19, GAS5, and MIAT.

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