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15.04.2019 | Original Research | Ausgabe 2/2020

Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 2/2020

Monitoring the level of hypnosis using a hierarchical SVM system

Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing > Ausgabe 2/2020
Ahmad Shalbaf, Reza Shalbaf, Mohsen Saffar, Jamie Sleigh
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Monitoring level of hypnosis is a major ongoing challenge for anesthetists to reduce anesthetic drug consumption, avoiding intraoperative awareness and prolonged recovery. This paper proposes a novel automated method for accurate assessing of the level of hypnosis with sevoflurane in 17 patients using the electroencephalogram signal. In this method, a set of distinctive features and a hierarchical classification structure based on support vector machine (SVM) methods, is proposed to discriminate the four levels of anesthesia (awake, light, general and deep states). The first stage of the hierarchical SVM structure identifies the awake state by extracting Shannon Permutation Entropy, Detrended Fluctuation Analysis and frequency features. Then deep state is identified by extracting the sample entropy feature; and finally light and general states are identified by extracting the three mentioned features of the first step. The accuracy of the proposed method of analyzing the brain activity during anesthesia is 94.11%; which was better than previous studies and also a commercial monitoring system (Response Entropy Index).

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