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01.11.2010 | Symposium: Highlights of the ISOLS/MSTS 2009 Meeting | Ausgabe 11/2010

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® 11/2010

Morbidity and Functional Status of Patients With Pelvic Neurogenic Tumors After Wide Excision

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® > Ausgabe 11/2010
Autoren:
MD Joseph Alderete, MD Eduardo N. Novais, MD Eric J. Dozois, MD Peter S. Rose, MD Franklin F. Sim
Wichtige Hinweise
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.
Each author certifies that his or her institution approved the human protocol for this investigation, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participation in the study was obtained.

Abstract

Background

We previously reported that over the last 10 years our practice has evolved in the treatment of neurogenic tumors of the pelvis to include a multispecialty team of surgeons, a factor that might decrease morbidity and improve recurrence, survival, and function.

Questions/purposes

Therefore, we (1) assessed the morbidity associated with surgical excision in patients with neurogenic tumors of the pelvis; (2) determined the function of these patients; and (3) determined the rates of local recurrence, metastasis, and overall survival with this new approach.

Methods

We reviewed the records of all 38 patients who had surgery for a pelvic plexus tumor between 1994 and 2005. Twenty one were male. The mean age of all patients was 38 years and median follow up was 2.1 years. Twelve patients had a malignant tumor. We recorded demographic data, postoperative complications, tumor-specific recurrence, and determined survival.

Results

Postoperative complications occurred in nine of the 38 patients (23%): hematoma (n = 3), wound infection or deep abscess (n = 3), and deep venous thrombosis (n = 3). Surgical complications occurred more frequently in patients with malignant disease. Patients with benign tumors had a mean MSTS score of 94%, while survivors of malignant disease had a mean of 57%. For malignant tumors, the 5-year rate of local recurrence was 40%, the estimated 5-year rate of metastasis was 67% and 5-year survival rate was 50%.

Conclusion

Using a team approach, surgical excision provided high functional scores for patients with benign disease with a low rate of complications. In patients with malignant tumors, intentional wide resection is associated with higher morbidity but yields acceptable functional scores.

Level of Evidence

Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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