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01.01.2008 | Ausgabe 1/2008

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 1/2008

Morbidity and Mortality Following Multivisceral Resections in Complex Hepatic and Pancreatic Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2008
Autoren:
Andrew McKay, Francis R. Sutherland, Oliver F. Bathe, Elijah Dixon
Wichtige Hinweise
This material was presented as a poster at the American Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association 2007 Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada—April 19 to April 22, 2007.

Abstract

Complex multivisceral resections in major hepatic and pancreatic surgery are relatively infrequent, and information regarding the morbidity and mortality associated with such resections is scant. The purpose of this paper is to describe the outcomes following such aggressive surgical treatment. A retrospective review of the outcomes following multiorgan resection in the setting of major liver or pancreatic resection was conducted from 2002 until July 2006. Patients who had a major hepatic or pancreatic resection plus resection of at least one other organ were included. The primary outcome measures analyzed were the postoperative morbidity and mortality. Secondary outcomes included recurrence rates and survival. Twenty-seven patients met the inclusion criteria. There were two postoperative deaths (7%). Complications occurred in 59% of patients. Complications were minor in 26% and severe in 33%. Complications were more frequent in older patients and in patients with pancreatic resections. Mortality was significantly increased in the setting of a pancreaticoduodenectomy. These more aggressive procedures should be considered to carry a higher risk of complications, particularly in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomies. Patients should be selected carefully when undertaking complex multivisceral resections in major hepatic and pancreatic surgery.

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