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09.11.2018 | Original Paper

“More accurate correction using “patient-specific” cutting guides in opening wedge distal femur varization osteotomies

Zeitschrift:
International Orthopaedics
Autoren:
Christophe Jacquet, Johanna Chan-Yu-Kin, Akash Sharma, Jean-Noël Argenson, Sébastien Parratte, Matthieu Ollivier

Abstract

Purpose

The distal femoral varization osteotomy (DFVO) by a lateral opening wedge osteotomy is an established intervention for patients suffering from lateral femoro-tibial osteoarthritis on a genu valgum deformity. In order to improve the accuracy of this correction, the use of a customized cutting guide (PSI) has been proposed as an alternative to conventional technique. The objective of our study was to compare the accuracy of post-operative alignment following DFVO in the coronal and sagittal plane using either a conventional abacus technique or PSI guide.

Method

Twenty-one patients that underwent lateral opening wedge osteotomy from a technique using PSI based on 3D CT-scans were matched 1:1 to 21 patients operated on using a conventional technique (pre-operative planning performed on standard radiographs). The accuracy of the correction was analyzed, comparing coronal and sagittal mechanical post-operative angles with pre-operative planning.

Results

With regard to alignment in the coronal plane (HKA correction), our study demonstrated a significant improvement in the accuracy of the correction obtained in the PSI group compared to the conventional group (0.43 ± 0.50 vs 3.95 ± 1.64 p < 0.001). In the sagittal plane (PDFA correction), we also found a significant improvement in correction accuracy in the PSI group (0.52 ± 0.60 vs 3.10 ± 1.83 p < 0.001).
There was a significant decrease in operating time (delta 7.7 ± 3.07 (1.5–13.9) (p = 0.0.161) and fluoroscopic images taken (6.9 ± 0.54 (5.8–8) p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Our results suggest that the use of PSI in DFVO improves the accuracy of correction in both the coronal and sagittal planes compared to conventional techniques.

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