What is Known:
• Peak velocity of fetal weight gain occurs at 33 weeks of gestation and continues until birth. During this period, fetal growth is mainly characterized by cellular hypertrophy.
• Amniotic fluid (AF) comprises large amounts of hormones and growth regulators.
What is New:
• A significantly higher rate of small for gestational age and lower birth weights and z-scores are observed among newborn infants with congenital pre-gastric intestinal atresia.
• These findings suggest that enteral uptake of AF is a major predictor for fetal growth during late gestation.