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07.01.2016 | Knee | Ausgabe 8/2017

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 8/2017

Morphology of insertion sites on patellar side of medial patellofemoral ligament

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 8/2017
Autoren:
Shuhei Kikuchi, Goro Tajima, Jun Yan, Youichi Kamei, Moritaka Maruyama, Atsushi Sugawara, Kotaro Fujino, Sanjuro Takeda, Minoru Doita

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to clarify the insertion sites on the patellar side of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL).

Methods

A total of 35 nonpaired human cadaveric knees were used in this study. After identification of the MPFL, the insertion sites on the patellar side of the MPFL were marked. Three-dimensional images were created, and the location and morphology of these insertion sites were analysed.

Results

The morphology of the insertion sites on the patellar side of the MPFL was consistent. The proximal fibres of the MPFL were inserted to the deep fascia of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) and medial margin of the vastus intermedius (VI). The distal fibres of the MPFL were inserted to the medial margin of the patella directly. The insertion lengths of the VMO, VI, and patella were 26.7 ± 5.0, 28.5 ± 4.4, and 18.5 ± 4.4 mm, respectively. The rate of the vertical distance from the superior pole of the patella to the superior edge of the MPFL in relation to the total patellar height was 12 ± 4.4 %. At the distal edge, the rate was 58 ± 9.6 %.

Conclusion

The insertion sites on the patellar side of the MPFL were consistent. The MPFL inserted into the VMO and VI was significantly longer than into the patella. The clinical relevance of this study is to improve understanding of the anatomy of the insertion sites on the patellar side of the MPFL and the pathophysiology of patellar dislocation.

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