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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Oral Health 1/2018

Morphology of palatally displaced canines and adjacent teeth, a 3-D evaluation from cone-beam computed tomographic images

BMC Oral Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Rosalia Leonardi, Simone Muraglie, Salvatore Crimi, Marco Pirroni, Giuseppe Musumeci, Rosario Perrotta



The goal of this study was to investigate in patients with unilateral palatally displaced canine (PDC) the morphology of maxillary teeth from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans both on the PDC side and non-PDC side using a “surface matching” technique.


CBCT images from 28 patients (mean age 16.04 ± 1.77 years) with unilateral PDC were selected. Each tooth in this study was segmented and then rendered into a 3D model using Mimics Research software and the root length was measured. Afterwards, 3D deviation analysis between the PDC and non-PDC side was carried out using Geomagic Control X software.


Statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.001) were obtained when comparing the root lengths and volumes of lateral incisors from the PDC side, non-PDC side and control group. In accordance with the findings of 3D deviation analysis, statistically significant differences between the patients and control group were obtained for the lateral incisors and canines (p ≤ 0.0001) and greater differences were found for the tooth crowns and root tips.


Lateral incisors adjacent to PDCs have shorter roots than contra-lateral lateral incisors. Furthermore, there were morphological differences between lateral incisors and canines in subjects with unilateral PDCs.
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