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Erschienen in: Lasers in Dental Science 4/2023

03.11.2023 | Original Article

Mucous membrane healing following vestibuloplasty via 940-nm diode laser and scalpel: an in vivo study

verfasst von: Tahmineh Bamdadian, Mozhgan Tavakoli, Nadia Elyassi Gorji, Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas, Alireza Mirzaei, AmirHossein Pakravan

Erschienen in: Lasers in Dental Science | Ausgabe 4/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

The surgical scalpel is frequently employed in oral procedures, albeit with certain drawbacks such as post-operative bleeding, discomfort, and swelling. In this regard, the diode laser presents itself as a promising alternative for oral soft tissue  procedures. Consequently, the present study aimed to appraise the regeneration of epithelial mucosa post-vestibuloplasty using both the diode laser and surgical scalpel.

Methods

In this clinical trial study, 12 male rabbits were utilized in total. On one side of the mouth, a surgical scalpel was employed, while on the other, a diode laser (940-nm continuous wave) was utilized. The preparatory stages necessary for histological assessment were completed. Following the surgical site sampling, the data underwent analysis using version 21 of the SPSS program.

Results

The group that underwent diode laser treatment demonstrated a greater degree of epithelium development, leading to a statistically significant difference between the two groups. Notably, the diode laser-treated group exhibited complete epithelial repair, while the surgical scalpel group only demonstrated marginal repair. Furthermore, the diode laser-treated group exhibited a greater degree of normal tissue development and keratinization. Conversely, the surgical scalpel–treated group exhibited more membrane formation, granulation tissue, inflammation, bleeding, and the presence of eosinophils.

Conclusion

The group that received treatment with the diode laser demonstrated a higher level of completeness in the development of the epithelium. As such, the utilization of the diode laser in vestibuloplasty is deemed to be the recommended approach due to its heightened efficacy and the lower incidence of complications.
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Metadaten
Titel
Mucous membrane healing following vestibuloplasty via 940-nm diode laser and scalpel: an in vivo study
verfasst von
Tahmineh Bamdadian
Mozhgan Tavakoli
Nadia Elyassi Gorji
Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas
Alireza Mirzaei
AmirHossein Pakravan
Publikationsdatum
03.11.2023
Verlag
Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in
Lasers in Dental Science / Ausgabe 4/2023
Elektronische ISSN: 2367-2587
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s41547-023-00203-3

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