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01.12.2018 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2018

Nanostructured lipid carriers for MicroRNA delivery in tumor gene therapy

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Hairong Wang, Shiming Liu, Li Jia, Fengyun Chu, Ya Zhou, Zhixu He, Mengmeng Guo, Chao Chen, Lin Xu

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are endogenous about 20–23 nucleotides non-coding RNAs, have been acted as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Current studies demonstrated that miRNAs are promising candidates for tumor gene therapy because of their important biological functions in tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, apoptosis, and drug resistance. As an important delivery system, nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) have great potential in tumor gene therapy, particularly for miRNA delivery, due to low toxicity, low immunogenicity, long metabolic cycles, and easy modification. This article reviews recent research progress on NLCs for miRNA delivery in tumor gene therapy and prospective applications.
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