Skip to main content
main-content

12.04.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2019

Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2/2019

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced endometrial cancer

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
Olivia R. Khouri, Melissa K. Frey, Fernanda Musa, Franco Muggia, Jessica Lee, Leslie Boyd, John P. Curtin, Bhavana Pothuri
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) is a treatment strategy for ovarian cancer patients with unresectable disease or poor performance status (PS). This strategy has been used in the treatment of advanced endometrial cancer and a survival benefit has been shown in patients who are subsequently able to undergo interval cytoreduction. This study sought to review our single institution experience with NACT for advanced endometrial cancer.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who received NACT for advanced endometrial cancer at two institutions in New York City between 2002 and 2016.

Results

We identified 39 patients (median age 61, range 35–89). The histologic subtype distribution was: serous (44%), endometrioid (28%), carcinosarcoma (10%), clear cell (8%), mixed (8%), neuroendocrine (3%). Contraindications to primary surgery included: unresectable disease (72%), poor PS (15%), unresectable disease and poor PS (13%). Twenty-three patients (59%) did not undergo IDS due to: progression of disease (70%), medical ineligibility (4%), unresectable disease (17%), lost to follow-up (4%), death (4%). Sixteen patients (41%) underwent IDS, 81% had an optimal cytoreduction. Disease status at NACT completion was: partial response (56%), stable disease (3%) and progression of disease (41%). There were no complete responses. Patients who responded to NACT had a significantly longer overall survival than those who did not (15 vs. 5 months. P = 0.015). IDS was also associated with an improvement in overall survival versus no surgery (16 vs. 6 months, P = 0.04).

Conclusions

Unlike ovarian cancer, less than half of the patients undergoing NACT for endometrial cancer underwent IDS, none had a complete response, and 41% had disease progression during NACT. However, endometrial cancer patients who underwent IDS had a high rate of optimal cytoreduction. Both response to NACT and IDS were associated with improved survival.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2019

Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise