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01.12.2017 | Study protocol | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 1/2017

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia caused by anti-HPA antibodies in pregnant Chinese women: a study protocol for a multicentre, prospective cohort trial

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth > Ausgabe 1/2017
Li Chen, Zhiwei Liu, Tiemei Liu, Xianjun Ma, Meiying Rao, Yongjun Wang, Bo Sun, Wen Yin, Jun Zhang, Beizhan Yan, Xiaojuan Li, Qiushi Wang, Lei Zhang, Jun Wen, Fenghua Liu, Peng Wang, Yaming Wei, Yuanshuai Huang, Jiang Wu, Yi Guo, Yinlan Kang, Xiaochuan Song, Xiangfu Liu, Genling Zhang, Tingting Xie, Yonggeng Chen, Xiaojing Zeng, Zhongjun Li



Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), caused by maternal antibodies raised against alloantigens carried on foetal platelets, is a very common haematological abnormality in newborns worldwide. However, baseline data on NAIT in China are lacking. Therefore, this study seeks to explore the incidence of alloantibody against the human platelet antigen (HPA) in pregnant women and its associations with NAIT in China.


A multicentre, prospective cohort study design will be used, and 55,497 pregnant women will be recruited for the first screening of the anti-HPA antibody at 12 to 28 weeks of gestational age. Subjects who are positive in the first screening for the anti-HPA antibody will be included in the exposure group. Re-tests of the antibody titre, antigen-specificity and genotyping of HPA and HLA will be conducted during admission. A ratio of 1:1 paired individuals with the same ethnicity and parity but testing negative for the anti-HPA antibody will be randomly selected to be included in the non-exposure group. NAIT will be diagnosed in the newborns on day one of the birth. The HPA of the neonates in the exposure group will also be genotyped by sequencing. Associations of maternal HLA with the occurrence of the anti-HPA antibody and correlation of the severity of NAIT with the titre of the anti-HPA antibody will be further analysed.


The study is expected to provide baseline data on NAIT in China. Besides, we hope to find out a population who expresses particular HLA molecules has significant higher risk of HPA alloimmunization in Chinese individuals. We also hope to find a Chinese-specific cut-off antibody titre for the prediction of the severity of NAIT and to provide a means to evaluate the necessity of antenatal treatment.

Trial registration NCT02934906 (date registered: 13.10.2016).
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