Skip to main content
main-content

24.04.2019 | Article | Ausgabe 7/2019 Open Access

Diabetologia 7/2019

Nerve growth factor gene therapy improves bone marrow sensory innervation and nociceptor-mediated stem cell release in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes with limb ischaemia

Zeitschrift:
Diabetologia > Ausgabe 7/2019
Autoren:
Zexu Dang, Elisa Avolio, Ambra Albertario, Graciela B. Sala-Newby, Anita C. Thomas, Nianhong Wang, Costanza Emanueli, Paolo Madeddu
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00125-019-4860-y) contains peer-reviewed but unedited supplementary material, which is available to authorised users.
Zexu Dang and Elisa Avolio contributed equally to this study.

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis

Sensory neuropathy is common in people with diabetes; neuropathy can also affect the bone marrow of individuals with type 2 diabetes. However, no information exists on the state of bone marrow sensory innervation in type 1 diabetes. Sensory neurons are trophically dependent on nerve growth factor (NGF) for their survival. The aim of this investigation was twofold: (1) to determine if sensory neuropathy affects the bone marrow in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes, with consequences for stem cell liberation after tissue injury; and (2) to verify if a single systemic injection of the NGF gene exerts long-term beneficial effects on these phenomena.

Methods

A mouse model of type 1 diabetes was generated in CD1 mice by administration of streptozotocin; vehicle was administered to non-diabetic control animals. Diabetic animals were randomised to receive systemic gene therapy with either human NGF or β-galactosidase. After 13 weeks, limb ischaemia was induced in both groups to study the recovery post injury. When the animals were killed, samples of tissue and peripheral blood were taken to assess stem cell mobilisation and homing, levels of substance P and muscle vascularisation. An in vitro cellular model was adopted to verify signalling downstream to human NGF and related neurotrophic or pro-apoptotic effects. Normally distributed variables were compared between groups using the unpaired Student’s t test and non-normally distributed variables were assessed by the Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test. The Fisher’s exact test was employed for categorical variables.

Results

Immunohistochemistry indicated a 3.3-fold reduction in the number of substance P-positive nociceptive fibres in the bone marrow of type 1 diabetic mice (p < 0.001 vs non-diabetic). Moreover, diabetes abrogated the creation of a neurokinin gradient which, in non-diabetic mice, favoured the mobilisation and homing of bone-marrow-derived stem cells expressing the substance P receptor neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R). Pre-emptive gene therapy with NGF prevented bone marrow denervation, contrasting with the inhibitory effect of diabetes on the mobilisation of NK1R-expressing stem cells, and restored blood flow recovery from limb ischaemia. In vitro hNGF induced neurite outgrowth and exerted anti-apoptotic actions on rat PC12 cells exposed to high glucose via activation of the canonical neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1 (TrkA) signalling pathway.

Conclusions/interpretation

This study shows, for the first time, the occurrence of sensory neuropathy in the bone marrow of type 1 diabetic mice, which translates into an altered modulation of substance P and depressed release of substance P-responsive stem cells following ischaemia. NGF therapy improves bone marrow sensory innervation, with benefits for healing on the occurrence of peripheral ischaemia. Nociceptors may represent a new target for the treatment of ischaemic complications in diabetes.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

e.Med Innere Medizin

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Innere Medizin erhalten Sie Zugang zu CME-Fortbildungen des Fachgebietes Innere Medizin, den Premium-Inhalten der internistischen Fachzeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten internistischen Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.

e.Med Allgemeinmedizin

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Allgemeinmedizin erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Premium-Inhalten der allgemeinmedizinischen Zeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten Allgemeinmedizin-Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Zusatzmaterial
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 7/2019

Diabetologia 7/2019 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Inneren Medizin

2017 | Buch

Rheumatologie aus der Praxis

Entzündliche Gelenkerkrankungen – mit Fallbeispielen

Dieses Fachbuch macht mit den wichtigsten chronisch entzündlichen Gelenk- und Wirbelsäulenerkrankungen vertraut. Anhand von über 40 instruktiven Fallbeispielen werden anschaulich diagnostisches Vorgehen, therapeutisches Ansprechen und der Verlauf …

Herausgeber:
Rudolf Puchner

2016 | Buch

Ambulant erworbene Pneumonie

Was, wann, warum – Dieses Buch bietet differenzierte Diagnostik und Therapie der ambulant erworbenen Pneumonie zur sofortigen sicheren Anwendung. Entsprechend der neuesten Studien und Leitlinien aller wichtigen Fachgesellschaften.

Herausgeber:
Santiago Ewig

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise