Immune checkpoint blockade is developed as standard treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. However immune-related adverse events (irAE) have still unknown complications. Here, we report a patient with lung squamous cell carcinoma who developed neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with nivolumab.
A 75-year-old Japanese man with lung squamous cell carcinoma was administered nivolumab as second-line treatment. Two months after treatment with nivolumab, he presented acute paralysis in the bilateral lower limbs, sensory loss. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging showed T2 hyperintense lesions between C5-6 and Th12-L1. He was diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) by anti-aquaporin-4 antibody-positive in the serum and other examinations. After treatment, steroid reactivity was poor.
This is the first patient who developed anti-AQP4 antibody-positive NMOSD as a nivolumab-induced irAE. Clinicians should be aware of this kind of potential neurological complication by using immune check point inhibitor and start the treatment of this irAE as soon as possible.
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- Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder secondary to treatment with anti-PD-1 antibody nivolumab: the first report
- BioMed Central
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